A guide to Kenya's most popular national park
Masai Mara National Reserve is considered a "must see" for any new visitor traveling on a safari to Kenya. It is on the "to do" list for many Kenyans and visitors alike because the park is graced by a wide variety of unique and exquisite wildlife and birds.
Masai Mara is the best place to see the "Big Five" animals (elephants, lions, leopards, rhinos and buffalo) together. The famous wildebeest migration also takes place at the Mara.
Maasai Mara National Reserve facts
- Overview & summary
- Climate & weather in Maasai Mara
- How to get to Maasai Mara
- What to see and what to do in Maasai Mara
- Accommodation - places you can stay in Masai Mara
- Best time to visit Maasai Mara, entry rates and fees
- Where you can plan, book and arrange your Maasai Mara Safari trip
Overview & summary - background information about the Mara
Masai Mara National Reserve (also known as Masai Mara or the Mara) is situated within the Great Rift Valley in the southern part of Kenya. Measuring approximately 1510sq. kilometres (approx. 938sq. miles) in size, this unfenced savannah grassland is roughly 150 miles southeast of Nairobi.
Maasai Mara derives its name from the indigenous people of Kenya - the Maasai tribe - and the Mara River that cuts through the park.
The Masai Mara provides the best view of the famous wildebeest migration as the animals cross the Mara River between July and August.
The Mara is also home to the richest concentration of wildlife, including the "Big Five" (elephants, lions, leopards, rhinos, and buffalo), zebras, antelope, gnus, Oribis, hyenas, giraffes, warthogs, gazelles, hartebeests, hippos, crocodiles and others. The park has the largest concentration of African lions, including the black-maned lion.
Birdlife is as plentiful as wildlife at the Masai Mara, which boasts over 400 different birds species.
The park experiences a hot and dry climate with a regular rainfall season twice a year.
The reserve's topography is mainly open savannah (grassland) with clusters of acacia trees along the southeastern area of the park. The Mara and Talek rivers grace the rolling plains of the reserve. Myriad seasonal rivers appear during the rainy season but dry out once the rains are gone.
Maasai Mara National Reserve does not fall under the jurisdiction of the Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS); instead, it is managed by the local county council of Narok district.
Maasai Mara National Reserve - weather and climate
The vast Masai Mara reserve is located at an altitude of between 4,875 and 7,052 feet above sea level, giving it a damp climate and more moderate temperature than most of Kenya. Daytime temperatures run at 85°F (30°C) ) maximum and night temperatures can drop to around 60°F (15°C). Most rain falls between March and May and during the short rainy season in November and December. The park may be difficult to navigate at these times.
Between July and October the weather is dry, the vegetation is lush and the daytime temperatures are pleasant, making it the best time to see the park's wildlife. The Masai Mara experiences the highest tourist numbers during this period. Hot temperatures peak between December and January while June and July are the coolest months at the park.
How to get to Masai Mara National Reserve
By Road: From Nairobi, it takes about five hours to get to Masai Mara. The roads are all weather; however, only 4WD game viewing trucks are allowed during the rainy season.
By Air: You can book one of the scheduled daily flights that depart from Wilson Airport and Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) in Nairobi. Travel time is about 45 minutes and flights land at one of the three airstrips (Keekorok, Olkiombo and Musiara) that serve the park. Flights are also available from Mombasa to Masai Mara.
What to see and what to do in Maasai Mara - highlights and activities
The Masai Mara Game Reserve is one of the best places in Africa for wildlife viewing. Game drives are a great way to experience the park and they take place all year round. If the big cats are what you're looking for on your Kenyan safari, you are guaranteed to spot them at the Mara.
All of the "Big Five" animals (elephants, lions, leopards, rhinos, and buffalo) can be spotted here. However, the population of black rhinos is severely threatened with only 37 black rhinos left as of 2000.
Herds of plains zebras are found throughout the park, as well as Masai giraffes, common giraffes, jackals, white-bearded gnus, Oribis, warthogs, Thomson's and Grant's gazelles, hartebeests, hyenas, bat-eared foxes, rare Topi antelope and beautiful rone antelope, as well as hippos and crocodiles in the Mara River.
Over 1.5 million wildebeest, zebras and several species of antelope make an annual circular tour between the Serengeti in Tanzania and Masai Mara in Kenya in search of greener pastures.
The trek happens with a fair share of animal drama as the migrating herds attract the attention of hungry predators - the hyenas and lions that prey on the lame and sick animals along the way.
The animals trek for four months (July-October) towards the Mara. The months of July and August are the best times to see what is truly the world's most spectacular wildebeest migration and the dramatic sights that occur during the mass crossing of the swollen Mara River.
Hot Air Balloon rides
For the adventurous tourist who wants a sky-high view of wildlife from the air hot air balloon rides and safaris are the best way to travel over the massive Masai Mara park. Hot air balloon rides last approximately an hour and a half and often take place at dawn.
You will get a great view of the animals while you glide above them. Breakfast is prepared on the balloon burner upon landing.
For bird lovers, the Mara birds come in every color and size. More than 400 bird species have already been recorded, including birds of prey.
You can enjoy a colorful view of birds such as vultures, ostriches, long-crested eagles, pygmy falcons, secretary birds, marabous, red-winged Schalow's turacos, white-tipped crests, ross turacos, orange buffs, Pel's fishing owls, wary guinea fowl, Jackson's bustards, black-bellied hartlaubs bustards and many others.
Maasai Cultural Tours
You could step back in time and visit a Maasai village where you get a chance to interact with the Maasai people in their traditional setting and experience their culture. Often the Maasai morans (young Maasai warriors) will perform their traditional dance. You also get an opportunity to purchase traditional Maasai souvenirs, art and collectibles.
Visitors to the Masai Mara National Reserve can also enjoy horseback safaris and bush dinners booked through the reserve lodges and camps. Guided walking tours and safaris conducted by a Masai warrior outside the reserve are also available. You can pitch a tent and sleep in the wild at campsites located outside the reserve.
Accommodation - where to stay at the Masai Mara
Depending on your safari budget there is a wide variety of accommodation to choose from, although most of the lodges and tented camps throughout the park cater to the average to high-end visitor. Popular lodges include Keekorok Lodge, Kichwa Tembo Camp, Governors Camp, Mara Serena Safari Lodge, Sarova Mara, Mara River Camp, Little Governors Camp, Mara Safari Club, Siana Springs Camp, Mpata Safari Club, and Mara Intrepids Club among others. The eco-lodges in the reserve, Base Camp Masai Mara and Ilkeliani Luxury Tented Camp, are beautiful places to stay at the Mara.
For budget travelers, there are low-cost accommodations available in the form of camping at the Mara Springs Camp, Riverside Camp, Simba Camp, Olpert Elongo Camp and Oloolaimutiek Campsite, which are located all around the park. Safari operators may also set up private camps for groups of clients seeking exclusive, traditional safaris outside the reserve.
Best time to visit Maasai Mara - rates and fees
The months of December - March and July - October have very pleasant weather and are by far the best months to visit the Masai Mara National Reserve. April through June are also good months but might be rainy or cool.
Park Schedule & Rates
The park is open all year round. As for the park entrance fee for residents and non-residents, the county manages and updates the rates regularly depending on the season. You can view the latest rates and fees charged to Kenya citizens and non-citizens, as well as the rates for vehicles entering the park. The Masai Mara Game Reserve is managed by the county council of Narok.
Camps are available inside the park and camping fees starts at $20 per day for non-residents and non-citizens.
Where you can plan, book and arrange your Maasai Mara safari tour
Although most of the lodges and camps at the Mara offer their own tours if you're already staying with them, to book an organized or customized tour and enjoy the best experience, you can use a reputable travel agent or a local Kenya tour company who can book a guided, all-inclusive Kenya safari tour for you before your arrival. One of the best option we recommend our visitors to this website is to book one of these Kenya tour and travel safari packages designed for individuals and group tours. The packages normally include accommodation, travel to the park, park fees, English-speaking tour guides, food and many other activities to capture a memorable experience of the Masai Mara and other Kenyan wild safari parks.
Get to know Kenya - Related Information
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